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Biography of Thomas Carter
Source: The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse Backus, Mary E. N. Backus 

 
"THOMAS CARTER was admitted to the church in Charlestown, Mass. January 8, 1636/7 and became a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony May 2, 1638. His wife, Mary, was admitted to the church in 1643. He died in 1652, inventory being made the 25th of June that year. His will names his wife, Mary, eldest son Thomas, and other sons Samuel, Joseph and John, daughters Mary and Hannah, grandsons Joseph Carter, John Brimsmead and John Green. His daughter Mary was the wife of John Brimsmead and his daughter Hannah married (1) William Green, (2) Thomas Brown. Thomas Carter's widow died March 6, 1664/5, "mother of the Carters in town."  

The first item on the list of assets in the inventory of the estate of Thomas Carter was: A 
servant, Mathew the Scotchman, valued at 14 pounds. An explanation is found in an extract from a letter written by the Rev. John Cotton to the Lord General Cromwell, dated at Boston in New England 28 of 5th 1651.  

"The Scots whom God delivered into your hands at Dunbarre and whereof sundry were sent hither, we have been desirous (as we could) to make their yoke easy. Such as were sick of the scurvy or other diseases have not wanted physick and chyrurgery. They have not been sold for slaves to perpetual servitude, but for 6 or 7 or 8 yeares, as we do our owne ..."  

Ten thousand prisoners were taken when Cromwell was victorious over General Leslie's army at the battle of Dunbar, September 3, 1650, in Scotland, where Charles the Second had been proclaimed king after the execution of his father in 1649. A list of Scotch prisoners sent to Massachusetts in 1652 by order of the English government is published in the New England H. & G. Register (1:377-380) but no Mathew is among the two hundred and seventy or more names, and he was doubtless among the earlier arrivals of whom John Cotton wrote the year before." 

Source: The New England Ancestry of Dana Converse Backus, Mary E. N. Backus 
 

 
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