He was graduated from Rutgers as B.S. in 1872, and was tutor in mathematics there, 1872-73. In 1877 he went to Germany and for a year studied the English language and literature in the universities of Göttingen and Leipzig. He was associate in English at Johns Hopkins university, 1879-81, and in the latter year again went abroad, studying in London and at Jena, 1881-82. He held the chair of English in the University of California, 1882-89, and was president of the California teachers' association, 1887-88. He was Carew lecturer at [p.357] Hartford theological school, 1890-91; president of the Modern language association of America, 1897, and professor of English language and literature in Yale university from 1889. He was elected a member of the national committee upon college entrance requirements in English, and did much to elevate the standard of instruction in English throughout California. He received from Rutgers the degrees of M. S. in 1875, M.A. in 1882, and L.H.D. in 1889; from Yale the degree of M.A. in 1889; from the University of Jena the degree of Ph.D. in 1882. He is the author of numerous contributions to periodicals, and published an edition of Sievers's Old English Grammar (1885-87); of Judith, an Old English Epic Fragment (1887-89); of Sidney's Defence of Poesy (1890); of Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America (1896); and of Tennyson's Princess (1897); besides numerous other textbooks.
The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable
Americans: Volume II C
Lineage: Unknown to me....
He was graduated at the U.S. naval academy in June, 1863; was promoted ensign, Oct. 1, 1863; master, Nov. 10, 1866; lieutenant, Feb. 21, 1867; lieutenant-commander, March 12, 1868; commander, Oct. 1, 1881; and captain, May 21, l895. He was lighthouse inspector, 1883-86; commanded the Ranger, North Pacific squadron, 1886-89; inspector of ordnance, Boston navy yard, 1890-93; assistant, bureau of navigation, 1893-96; and was assigned to the command of the Brooklyn, Dec. 1, 1896. In the war with Spain in 1898, he commanded the Brooklyn, which was selected as flagship of Commodore Schley commanding the northern division of the North Atlantic squadron, and for his service in that war in assisting in the destruction of Cervera's fleet, he was advanced five numbers. He was made a member of the military order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and was elevated to the grand commandery, having served as vice-commander of the Washington branch.
He was married Sept. 3, 1868, to Carrie Earle of San Francisco, Cal., and his son, Frank Clarenden, was assistant surgeon, U.S.N., from Dec. 22. 1893, and another son, Harold Earle, a navel cadet in 1898."
The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume II C
George received a district school training, taught himself surveying
and engaged as a boy on the engineer corps then laying out the Morris and
Essex railroad, and surveying a road through Greene and Schoharie counties,
New York. He was graduated at the Rensselaer polytechnic institute in 1839
with the degree of C.E. He then engaged in teaching. In May, 1840, he returned
to the institute, where he pursued a post-graduate course while serving
as tutor, and received the degrees B.N.S. and M.S. He was made adjunct
professor and in May, 1842, senior professor, holding the chair of geology
and civil engineering. From 1846 to 1848 he engaged in the manufacture
of glass in Albany, and in the latter year accepted the chair of mathematics
and natural philosophy in the Albany academy. He was principal of the academy,
1851-53. In 1852 he was sent to Europe by the state of New York to study
the salt deposits. He was professor of chemistry and natural sciences in
Rutgers college, 1853-89. In 1854 he was made assistant geologist of New
Jersey and was in charge of the southern division of the state for three
In 1864 he organized the New Jersey state college for the promotion of agriculture and mechanic arts, which was attached to Rutgers college as a scientific department, and he was made vice-president of the combined institutions. In 1878 his chair in Rutgers became that of analytical chemistry, geology and agriculture, and in 1880 he relinquished the branch of chemistry, retaining the other two branches. He aided in forming a state board of agriculture in 1873 and was a member of its executive committee.
While assistant geologist of the state he published three annual reports and a geological survey of Cape May county (1857). After this the office was vacant until 1864, when the legislature, through the efforts of Professor Cook, reorganized the department and appointed him state geologist. His annual reports and "Geology of New Jersey" (1868), together with a series of geological maps of the several counties of the state, certify to the wisdom of the act of the legislature. His investigations and reports on the clays of New Jersey and the flora of the state, and his maps relating to geological formation and mineral deposits, were used as models by the U.S. geological survey.
He organized and became chief director of the weather service of the state in 1886. He was a member of the state board of health, secretary of the board of agriculture and president of the New Brunswick board of water commissioners. In 1878 he was a delegate to the international geological congress in Paris. He was a member of the American philosophical society, of the academy of natural sciences of Philadelphia, of the American institute of mining engineers, of the National academy of sciences; vice-president of the American association for the advancement of science, and a member of the Royal agricultural society of Sweden. The University of the city of New York conferred upon him the degree of Ph.D. in 1875 and Union college gave him that of LL. D. in 1866.
He died at New Brunswick, N. J., Sept. 22, 1889.
The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume II
We are cousins to Tapping Reeve from three different immigrant ancestral
couples (Hallock, Horton and Cooper) and two common ancestral couples.
Following is his Cooper lineage.
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